Syariah law is Islam’s legal system. Syariah law acts as a code for living that all Muslims need to adhere to, consisting of prayers, fasting, and contributions to the poor. To apply this in Singapore, Syariah law has a separate legal system from the civil law.
Meaning of Syariah’ law
Syariah is the Arabic word for Islamic law, also understood as the Law of Allah. The word syariah indicate “the ideal course,” refers to conventional Islamic law. Syariah covers not just spiritual routines but many elements of day-to-day life activities like politics, economics, company, agreement or banking law, legal guidelines, and social problems, which are more important than the legal system, strictly speaking.
What does this mean in practice?
Syariah can notify every element of life for a Muslim.
A Muslim questioning what to do if their associates welcome them to the bar after work might turn to a Syariah scholar for suggestions to guarantee they act within the legal structure of their religious beliefs. Other places of everyday life where Muslims might rely on Syariah lawyer Singapore for assistance consist of family financing, business, and law.
What are some of the hard punishments?
Syariah law divides offenses into two basic classifications: “hudud” offenses, which are severe crimes with set charges, and “tazir” criminal activities, where the penalty has delegated the discretion of the judge. Some Islamic businesses have argued that there are lots of safeguards and a great concern of evidence in the application of hudud charges.
Hudud criminal activities are those which are punishable by a pre-established penalty discovered in the Quran. There is no lowering the penalty for hudud crimes. hudud crimes have no minimum or optimum punishments connected to them.
No judge can decrease the penalty or change for these severe criminal activities. The hudud crimes are:
- Murder, Apostasy from Islam (Making war upon Allah and His messengers)
- Theft, Infidelity, Character assassination (False allegation of infidelity or fornication), Burglary, Alcohol-drinking (any intoxicants).
- The very first 4 hudud crimes have a particular penalty in the Quran. The last three criminal activities are pointed out, but no particular penalty is found. Therefore the last three crimes, the death falls under tazir criminal activities in which the federal government states the penalty.
Given all these, there are very strict rules to adhere to before hudud is enforced. We should see these punishments as a deterrence rather than cruelty to humans. To date, in Singapore, only certain aspects of Syariah law is followed. Criminal offences still go through Civil law.
Can Muslims be carried out for converting?
Apostasy, or leaving the faith, is a really questionable problem in the Muslim world, and professionals state most the scholars think it is punishable by death but there are conditions to be met. In fact, an apostate will be given a chance to revert up to 3 times.
A minority of Muslim thinkers, especially those engaged with Western societies, argue that the truth of the modern-day world suggests the “penalty” ought to be left to God – and that Islam itself is not threatened by apostasy. The Koran itself states there is “no obsession” in faith.
How are judgments made?
Like any legal system, Syariah is intricate, and its practice is totally dependent on the quality and training of specialists. There are four different schools of Syariah law. There are 4 Sunni teachings: Hanbali, Maliki, Shafi and Hanafi, and they vary in how actually they translate the texts from which Syariah law is obtained.